The City of Semarang, the capital of Central Java province is located on the North Coast of Java Sea. It has an area of 225.17 km2 with a population of approximately 1.3 million people, making it Indonesia's 11th most populous city. It was a major port during the Dutch colonial era and is still an important port today.
Semarang is a busy administrative and Trading city, most of the offices, business centers, industrial estates are concentrated in the low land, where as in the hilly side, there are many houses with the beautiful gardens with a superb view to the town and the sea. The old records of this city date back to the 15th to the 18th century AD in where captivating ancient and colonial monuments still standing to present date.
As a result of its large ethnically Chinese population, the city boasts several Chinese temples which include the famous Sam Po Kong (Gedung Batu), built in honour of the Chinese Great Admiral Zheng He who visited the area in 1405. The bronze statue is 10.7 meter-tall costing around IDR 1 billion (around USD $117,000). The Blenduk Church, a 1753 Protestant church built by the Dutch, is located in the old town (called Oudstad). Tugu Muda (Youth Monument), is located in a large roundabout surrounded by famous buildings such as Gedung Lawang Sewu and the Semarang Cathedral. Jalan Pemuda, one of the roads leading into the roundabout, is a major shopping street. The Cathedral of the Holy Rosary is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Semarang.