Sekaten Ceremony Jogjakarta
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One of the main attractions in Jogjakarta is the Sekaten Ceremony. The Ceremony is among the most popularly celebrated festivals in Jogjakarta, and is better known as Sekaten Night Fair as it is preceded by a month long night fair. The tradition dates back to the Kingdom of Demak of the 16th century. The Sekaten ceremony usually takes place in the month of Mulud, the third month in the Javanese calendar, and is usually held in the northern alun-alun (square) of Kraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat.
There are different versions of the origin of the word Sekaten. Some believe that Sekaten derives from the word “Sekati” which is the name of a sacred Kraton gamelan named Kanjeng Kyai Sekati which is played in the commemoration of the birth of prophet Mohammad. Another version tells that Sekaten derives from two words, suka (fun) and ati (feeling) as people celebrate the Prophet’s birth in gratefulness and merriment as denoted by the month-long night fair in the North Square.
Sekaten Ceremony is widely regarded as a combination of the preaching of the teaching of Islam and an art form. In the beginning of the spread of Islam in Java, one of the Wali Songo (propagators of Islam in Java), Sunan Kalijaga, used the art of Karawitan (Javanese gamelan) to attract the people to the new faith which featured two sets of gamelan instruments named Kanjeng Nyai Sekati.
Before a Sekaten Ceremony is held, the palace guards and officials who will be involved in the Ceremony must undertake both physical and spiritual preparations. The physical preparation comprise preparing Gamelan Sekaten, Gendhing Sekaten, some coins, several kanthil flowers (magnolia), Sekaten uniforms, and a script of the history of “Mulud”.
Gamelan Sekaten, a sacred and old venerated Kraton heirloom, is a two sets instruments named Kanjeng Kyai Nogowilogo and Kanjeng Kyai Guntur Madu. Gamelan Sekaten was created by Sunan Giri, one of the Wali, who was known as a renowned karawitan artist. Gamelan Sekaten was touted as the first gamelan that employed “pelog” (one of the essential tones in gamelan) tone scale (laras pelog). The skin is typically made of goat or buffalo. In order for the instrument to produce a clear sound, Gamelan Sekaten must be lifted up to the forehead when played.
With the gamelan, traditional Javanese music compositions, known as Gendhing Sekaten, are sung and played at the ceremony. The pieces include Rambu pathet lima, Rangkung pathet lima, Lunggadhung pelog pathet lima, Atur-atur pathet nem, Andong-andong pathet lima, Rendheng pathet lima, Jaumi pathet lima, Gliyung pathet nem, Salatun pathet nem, Dhindhang Sabinah pathet em, Muru putih, Orang-aring pathet nem, Ngajatun pathet nem, Batem Tur pathet nem, Supiatun pathet barang, and Srundeng gosong pelog pathet barang.
Spiritually, the Palace’s Courtiers (Abdi Dalem) who are involved in the ceremony must undertake a mental and spiritual preparation before embarking on the sacred duties. The Courtiers who are assigned to play Gamelan Sekaten, in particular, must first purify their souls by undertaking a one-day fasting and the “Jamas” Shower.
Sekaten begins on the 6th day of the month Mulud in the afternoon when Gamelan Kanjeng Kyai Sekati begins to play. Gamelan Kanjeng Kyai Nogowilogo is placed in Trajumas Ward and Gamelan Kanjeng Kyai Guntur Madu in Srimangati Ward. Two troops of courtiers are assigned to guard the sacred gamelan, namely the Mantrijero Guard and Ketanggung Guard.
At 00.00 sharp, Gamelan Sekaten is carried in procession to the front yard of the Jogjakarta Grand Mosque and is guarded by the Mantrijero Guard and Ketanggung Guard. Gamelan Kyai Nogowilogo will be placed at northern pavilion of Grand Mosque, while Gamelan Kyai Gunturmadu will be placed at Pagongan pavilion in southern side of the Mosque. In the front yard of the Mosque, Gamelan Sekaten is played simultaneously for six days except on Thursday night until the end of the Friday prayer at noon.
The culmination of the Ceremony is the procession of “Grebeg Maulud” when mountains of rice offerings blessed by local ulama (Islamic scholars) are brought out from the Mosque. The rice offerings become the main attraction for tourists who believe that the food of “Grebeg Maulud” will bless them with good fortunes in life and great harvests.
16 Komentar :
Entertainment and Festival
15 November 2012 - 12:56:48 WIB
One of the main attractions in Jogjakarta is the Sekaten Ceremony. The Ceremony is among the most popularly celebrated festivals in Jogjakarta, and is better known as Sekaten Night Fair as it is preceded by a month long night fair.
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